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2022
Policy and Regulations, Economic
Thailand
Governing sustainability in the Thai palm oil supply chain: the role of private actors

This study evaluates the role of private actors in the governance of the palm oil-supply chain in Thailand by comparing supply-chain actors that are certified with the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) standards and non-certified supply-chain actors.

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Independent
2022
Policy and Regulations, Social
Thailand
Global and local sustainable certification systems: Factors influencing RSPO and Thai-GAP adoption by oil palm smallholder farmers in Thailand

Published in the Environment, Development, and Sustainability in 2022, this paper investigates the factors that influence the adoption of RSPO and Thai-GAP certification by oil palm smallholder farmers in Thailand.

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Independent
2022
Policy and Regulations, Social
Brazil
Achieving palm oil sustainability under contract: Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil and family farmers in the Brazilian Amazon

This paper examines how local institutions and family farming labor relations shift and reconfigure in response to The Roundtable on Sustainable Oil Palm (RSPO) certification in Brazil where demanding state regulations exist in a context of uneven enforcement. The article focuses specifically on three requirements related to the interaction between RSPO and Brazilian regulations following Principle 2 of the RSPO, ‘Operate legally and respect rights:’ (1) comply with conservation areas; (2) palm oil producers must have land titles and uncontested ownership rights; and (3) comply with national rural labor laws.

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Independent
2022
Policy and Regulations
Harnessing relational values for global value chain sustainability: Reframing the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil’s offset mechanism to support smallholders

The main aim of this paper is to study how relational values (values arising from relationships between people and others and/or between human and non-human phenomena) framing might affect stakeholders’ perceptions of credit mechanisms in a deforestation-linked value chain.

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Independent
2021
Economic, Social
Indonesia
Independent oil palm shareholder management practices and yield. Can RSPO certification make a difference?

The study aims to evaluate if and how certified smallholders perform differently from their non-certified counterparts in terms of management practices and yields, and to what extent this is related to RSPO certification.

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Independent
2021
Environmental
Brazil, Indonesia, Malaysia
Biodiversity impact of RSPO certification – an assessment of good practices

The study, commissioned by the RSPO, is aimed at evaluating whether the RSPO certification processes can or have contributed to the protection of species and landscapes, and identifies opportunities for improvement.

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RSPO Commissioned
2021
Economic
A review of the financial costs and benefits of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil certification: Implications for future research

Published in Sustainable Production and Consumption in 2021, this study reviews the existing literature to identify the financial outcomes associated with RSPO certification.

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Independent
2021
Economic, Social
Indonesia
Pre-certification conditions of independent oil palm smallholders – Assessing prospects for RSPO certification

This study explores the differences in smallholders’ pre-certification conditions and prospects for certification to develop strategies to target smallholders that are currently not reached by certification initiatives.

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Independent
2020
Environmental
Indonesia
Deforestation spillovers from oil palm sustainability certification

Published in Environmental Research Letters in March 2020, this study quantified forest loss and conservation spillovers from the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) certification system in Indonesian Borneo (Kalimantan).

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Independent
2020
Policy and Regulations, Social
Indonesia
To grip or to slip – Smallholder inclusion in sustainable palm oil certifications in Riau, Indonesia

This study examines the barriers that smallholders face in pursuing the regulatory process prior to the certification process and how they affect smallholder inclusion in sustainable palm oil initiatives.

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Independent

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