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Comparative life cycle assessment of RSPO-certified and non-certified palm oil
This report, prepared by 2.0 LCA consultants, presents the executive summary of a detailed life cycle assessment (LCA) study of palm oil production comparing the environmental impact of RSPO certified sustainable palm oil with non-certified palm oil.
Peeling back the label – exploring sustainable palm oil ecolabelling and consumption in the United Kingdom
Published in Environmental Research Letters, this paper aimed at exploring the extent to which members of the general public are aware of palm oil, their perceptions about its environmental impact, and recognition and inclusion of RSPO ecolabelled products in household shopping compared to other widely known ecolabels.
Improve long-term biodiversity management and monitoring on certified oil palm plantations in Colombia by centralizing efforts at the sector level
Published in Frontiers in Forests and Global Change in August 2019, this study sought to explore the challenges to effective biodiversity monitoring on oil palm plantations.
Sustainable palm oil or certified dispossession? NGOs within scalar struggles over the RSPO private governance standard
This paper examined the role of NGOs in the complex field of private standard-setting and implementation by the RSPO.
Organic and fair palm oil production – Assessment project
The overall objective of this study project was to clarify the extent to which organically certified palm oil helps ensure positive ‘sustainability impacts’ compared to palm oil that is produced without any certification or with RSPO certification.
Emerging markets and private governance: the political economy of sustainable palm oil in China and India
This research was done to examine the efforts of the RSPO to gain market uptake in China and India.
Costs and benefits of certification of independent smallholders in Indonesia
Published in the International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, this paper examined the pre-certification financial costs and benefits of RSPO certification for individual farmers and for the certified independent farmers group in Ukui, Indonesia.
Development of smallholders through participation in sustainable oil palm production: A case study of the members of Tapitak Palm Community Enterprise, Trang Province
This research aimed to develop smallholders towards sustainable oil palm production according to RSPO standard through group process in Thailand.
Socio-ecological perspectives of engaging smallholders in environmental-friendly palm oil certification schemes.
Published in Land Use Policy, this aims of the research are as follow: (1) Do independent and managed smallholders differ socially and economically?, (2) Do independent and managed smallholders differ in terms of knowledge, perception and attitudes towards farmland biodiversity, and (3) Do independent and managed smallholders have different expectation and willingness to participate in certification schemes?
Is it all in the MIX? Consumer preferences for segregated and mass balance certified sustainable palm oil.
The research article published in the Journal of Cleaner Production aimed to elicit consumer willingness to pay for chocolate bars, which contain oil palm from either RSPO segregated (SG) or mass balance (MB) supply chains.