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Research Library

Last updated: 29 March 2022

The RSPO Research Library consists of a list of publications, both RSPO-commissioned research and independently conducted research, on the outcome and impact of the RSPO in line with the three pillars of sustainability: economic, environmental and social.

Year of Publication
Sustainability Issue
Study Site
Research Topic and Objective (s) Research Type
2015 Environmental
Economic
Social
Indonesia

Sustainability certification and palm oil smallholders’ livelihood: A comparison between scheme smallholders and independent smallholders in Indonesia.

The research, done in Indonesia, was done to conceptually understand the relationship between certification and the livelihood of smallholders.

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Independent
2015 Environmental
Economic
Social
Malaysia

The impacts of RSPO on the livelihood of smallholders: Case studies in East Malaysia, Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil, Malaysia.

This study was done to examine the economic, environmental and social impacts of RSPO adoptions on independent smallholders’ livelihoods.

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RSPO Commissioned
2014 Social Ghana
Indonesia

Global sustainability standards and food security: Exploring unintended effects of voluntary certification in palm oil.

Case study to explore the unnoticed effects of voluntary palm oil certification in Indonesia and Ghana, and identify their implication on local and national food provision.

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Independent
2014 Environmental
Economic
Social
Indonesia

Impact of RSPO certification to economic, environmental and social aspects of Tanjung Sehati Smallholder Association's oil palm plantations.

This research, as commissioned by RSPO, was aimed at determining the ways in which certification process of smallholders in Tanjung Sehati GAPOKTAN took place, and the economic, environmental and social impacts of certification on them.

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RSPO Commissioned
2012 Economic West Africa
Malaysia
Indonesia

Profitability and sustainability in palm oil production. Analysis of incremental financial costs and benefits of RSPO compliance.

This study, conducted by WWF, analyses the costs and benefits of integrating the RSPO Principle and Criteria into palm oil production.

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Independent