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Research Library

Last updated: 29 March 2022

The RSPO Research Library consists of a list of publications, both RSPO-commissioned research and independently conducted research, on the outcome and impact of the RSPO in line with the three pillars of sustainability: economic, environmental and social.

Year of Publication
Sustainability Issue
Study Site
Research Topic and Objective (s) Research Type
2018 Economic
Social
Malaysia

Socio-ecological perspectives of engaging smallholders in environmental-friendly palm oil certification schemes.

Published in Land Use Policy, this aims of the research are as follow: (1) Do independent and managed smallholders differ socially and economically?, (2) Do independent and managed smallholders differ in terms of knowledge, perception and attitudes towards farmland biodiversity, and (3) Do independent and managed smallholders have different expectation and willingness to participate in certification schemes?

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Independent
2018 Economic Thailand

Development of smallholders through participation in sustainable oil palm production: A case study of the members of Tapitak Palm Community Enterprise, Trang Province

This research aimed to develop smallholders towards sustainable oil palm production according to RSPO standard through group process in Thailand.

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Independent
2018 Economic Indonesia

Costs and benefits of certification of independent smallholders in Indonesia

Published in the International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, this paper examined the pre-certification financial costs and benefits of RSPO certification for individual farmers and for the certified independent farmers group in Ukui, Indonesia.

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Independent
2018 Environmental Papua New Guinea
Mexico
Malaysia
Indonesia
Guatemala
Africa

Towards low GHG emission in new oil palm development – Results of RSPO’s approach

Published in The Planter Magazine in 2018, this study was authored by Gan Lian Tiong, Faizal Parish, Henry Cai and Javin Tan from the RSPO Emission Reduction Working Group (ERWG). The RSPO ERWG commissioned this study to understand the effectivness of RSPO GHG Assessment Procedure for New Development in guiding RSPO growers and millers to plan development in such a way that minimise net GHG emissions towards the goal of low carbon development.

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RSPO Jointly Commissioned
2018 Economic
Social
Indonesia

RSPO certification impacts on oil palm smallholders’ welfare in Jambi Province

This paper aimed at analysing the benefits of RSPO certification on improving oil-palm smallholders’ welfare in Jambi Province. Read more (link)

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Independent
2018 Economic India
China

Emerging markets and private governance: the political economy of sustainable palm oil in China and India

This research was done to examine the efforts of the RSPO to gain market uptake in China and India.

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Independent
2017 Environmental Malaysia

An impact analysis of RSPO certification on Borneo forest cover and orangutan populations.

The research evaluates whether RSPO certification is beneficial to orangutans, at a macro level (throughout Borneo) and micro level through fine-scale analysis within well-renowned region for orang utan (Kinabatangan, Sabah).

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Independent
2017 Economic Papua New Guinea

Cost and benefit analysis of RSPO certification (Case study in PT BCA oil palm plantation in Papua).

The analysis was done to identify monetary benefit and cost with the existing operating scenario of the company, or if the company is registered as the RSPO member.

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Independent
2017 Environmental Indonesia

Effect of oil palm sustainability certification on deforestation and fire in Indonesia.

Research done to determine the impact of RSPO certification on deforestation, peatland development and fire activity in Indonesia from 2001 to 2015.

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Independent
2017 Environmental Malaysia
Indonesia

Managing fire risk during drought: The influence of certification and El Ninõ on fire-driven forest conversion for oil palm in Southeast Asia.

This research has three main objectives to determine the following: (i) the fraction of forest and peat forest conversion for oil palm that involves fire, (ii) if certification alters fire use for forest conversion or the frequency of management or accidental fires in plantation areas, and (ii) if certified plantations have fewer satellite fire detections compared to non-certified plantations and surrounding lands, during El Niño years.

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Independent