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Last updated: 29 March 2022
The RSPO Research Library consists of a list of publications, both RSPO-commissioned research and independently conducted research, on the outcome and impact of the RSPO in line with the three pillars of sustainability: economic, environmental and social.
Socio-ecological perspectives of engaging smallholders in environmental-friendly palm oil certification schemes.
Published in Land Use Policy, this aims of the research are as follow: (1) Do independent and managed smallholders differ socially and economically?, (2) Do independent and managed smallholders differ in terms of knowledge, perception and attitudes towards farmland biodiversity, and (3) Do independent and managed smallholders have different expectation and willingness to participate in certification schemes?
Development of smallholders through participation in sustainable oil palm production: A case study of the members of Tapitak Palm Community Enterprise, Trang Province
This research aimed to develop smallholders towards sustainable oil palm production according to RSPO standard through group process in Thailand.
Costs and benefits of certification of independent smallholders in Indonesia
Published in the International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, this paper examined the pre-certification financial costs and benefits of RSPO certification for individual farmers and for the certified independent farmers group in Ukui, Indonesia.
Towards low GHG emission in new oil palm development – Results of RSPO’s approach
Published in The Planter Magazine in 2018, this study was authored by Gan Lian Tiong, Faizal Parish, Henry Cai and Javin Tan from the RSPO Emission Reduction Working Group (ERWG). The RSPO ERWG commissioned this study to understand the effectivness of RSPO GHG Assessment Procedure for New Development in guiding RSPO growers and millers to plan development in such a way that minimise net GHG emissions towards the goal of low carbon development.
RSPO certification impacts on oil palm smallholders’ welfare in Jambi Province
This paper aimed at analysing the benefits of RSPO certification on improving oil-palm smallholders’ welfare in Jambi Province.
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Emerging markets and private governance: the political economy of sustainable palm oil in China and India
This research was done to examine the efforts of the RSPO to gain market uptake in China and India.
An impact analysis of RSPO certification on Borneo forest cover and orangutan populations.
The research evaluates whether RSPO certification is beneficial to orangutans, at a macro level (throughout Borneo) and micro level through fine-scale analysis within well-renowned region for orang utan (Kinabatangan, Sabah).
Cost and benefit analysis of RSPO certification (Case study in PT BCA oil palm plantation in Papua).
The analysis was done to identify monetary benefit and cost with the existing operating scenario of the company, or if the company is registered as the RSPO member.
Effect of oil palm sustainability certification on deforestation and fire in Indonesia.
Research done to determine the impact of RSPO certification on deforestation, peatland development and fire activity in Indonesia from 2001 to 2015.
Managing fire risk during drought: The influence of certification and El Ninõ on fire-driven forest conversion for oil palm in Southeast Asia.
This research has three main objectives to determine the following: (i) the fraction of forest and peat forest conversion for oil palm that involves fire, (ii) if certification alters fire use for forest conversion or the frequency of management or accidental fires in plantation areas, and (ii) if certified plantations have fewer satellite fire detections compared to non-certified plantations and surrounding lands, during El Niño years.